Building Quality Homes
 


 

Welcome to

Build Your Own Recording Studio

 

For info on:-

 

Studio Equipment, Studio Wiring, Patch bays,

Inserts, Midi,

Master Controllers,  Sampling, Microphones,

Music Software

see:

Recording Studio Tips andInformation 1

 

For info on:-

 

Engineers, Mixing, Reverbs, Gates,

Compessors/Limiters,

Studio Monitors (Speakers),

Recording in the Studio,

Production techniques (Mix down)

see: 

Recording Studio Tips and Information 2

 

 

Digital Recording Tips and Tricks 1

 

 

 

Covering the following subjectson this Page

 

Studio Wiring

 

Outline Plan

 

Building location

 

Type of Building

 

Sound proofing

 

Studio Floor Layout

 

Studio Construction

 

Vocal and Drum Booths

 

Musical Instruments for Sale through Amazon

 

 

     I have included various headings which I think may be useful in

helping you and I will be offer advice on how to create quality

recordings in the Studio or from live performances on stage.

 

 

We would welcome any queries you may have regarding

recording techniques or tips you may want to know,

please use the Contact Us page to send your query.

 

 

Anyone building their own studio could benefit

from the following Pages and Headings:-

 

 

Basic Studio wiring

 

A very important part of studio wiring is the earthing system,

a central point should be used like you're mixing

desk or power transformer as a central earth point for all items in the

studio to connect too, as new equipment is brought into the

studio it must be connected to this earth!

This is why some patch leads only have the screen (earth)

connected at 1 end of the cable, as long as all the patchbays

earths are connected to central earth point no Hum

is introduced (stray voltages trying to find a route to earth)

 

Neat little trick for Poor mans Surround sound see :-

 

http://www.selfbuildnewhomes.com/Home_Hi_Fi.php

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outline Plan

 

This has got to be the simplest question you need to ask

yourself, is this going to be a purpose built Studio, building a

complete new building from scratch, or converting an existing

building, garage, basement or a simple Bedroom/attic conversion?

 

 

 

 

 

Studio floor layout

It is important to be able to have visual contact with

the live room from the control room, and bands

wanting to do live takes as a complete band will

need to see the Drummer (who may be in one booth or

screened off) and each other along with the singer

who is probably in a separate booth all at the same time.

 

 

Sound Proofing

 

As the title suggests cutting down unwanted sound being captured onto your recordings can be hard to achieve, this is usually done in the practice room by curtains on the walls, egg boxes or acoustic tiles for the more cash rich musicians, even gaffa tape over the cracks in the door gaps can help.If you are converting a couple of rooms with stud walls, use acoustic Rockwool to insulate, not to be confused with cavity insulation (bats) for thermal protection as some people have used, this is not as effective in reducing unwanted noise.

Control booths with windows, usually have double, triple or quadruple glazing between the live room, other ideas include using cameras and distant rooms with more separation from the control room.

 

 

 

 

Type of Building

 

 Many years ago buildings like old churches were

sought after for their space and reverb acoustics,

many factory units have also been used, multi rehearsal

units available for regular band hire are probably not a

good idea for recording set up, as regular band practices

by others usually causes bleed over into your recordings

no matter how much Rockwool someone has bunged into

the stud walls, although this hasn't stopped some rehearsal

studios setting up their own Studio.

 

 

 

 

 

Vocal booths

 

These are usually dampened down like the drum booths

but not as much, many bands make the mistake of over

padding vocal booths and singerscan feel uneasy singing

in them apart from losing natural tones and timbres in the

singer's voice leaving recordings sounding unnatural, dull

or lifeless.

(Tip: - try getting a singer to smile when they sing and hear

the difference in the recorded performance!). It is important

that the vocal booth is not to dead although you do not want

any natural reverb to be high (TIP:-try a single hand clap in a

room to hear the reverb),

 

In layered sessions the vocals are usually recorded last,

in a small studio there may only be 1 room where

everything is recorded, the main live room can be used to

record the vocals but it is usually a good idea to screen around

the vocalist as it's unwanted noise from other sources you

want to shield from and avoid capturing on your vocal track.

(TIP: - do not add to much reverb effect if the vocalist

requires it in the headphones when a singer is recording, it

tends to make singers cut off the end of their notes early with

to much reverb. If you can pursued them to sing 

without any effects in their headphone mix, you will get a

better performance from them)

 

Vocal tracks can sometimes be the most demanding to

record at the best of times and many singers are not

accustomed to the naked feeling they may sometimes

have while recording their vocals (as the rest of the

Band sit around the control room listening to every

sniff, grunt, thigh slaps and other weird noises going

off between the verses when the vocal track is soloed).

A simple idea of hanging curtains across the vocal

booths window has helped many a singer overcome

confidence problems (which in my experience with

young bands, confidence is usually one of the biggest hang

ups when laying down their parts) (TIP:- In  layered Sessions,

always be supportive and encourage the person being

recorded for best results)

 

 

 

 

  

Drum Booths

 

Usually drum booths are padded and damped down as much

as possible, they also tend to be shut away or screened off

from the rest of the band so that on live recordings

(when the band wants to record everyone at once

as a complete and final performance with no later drop ins)

other instruments in the main live room can be recorded

without drums sounds being caught on the same

instrument tracks, this still enables clever tricks and effect

being able to be added later to the guitar and other

instrument tracks without effecting the drum sounds,

and allows the drum tracks (usually spread over several tracks)

to be recorded without instruments bleeding over into

the drum sounds.

 

The other reason for dampening the drum booth, is to

enable the capture of sound without any reverberation,

this becomes important later in the mix down process

where reverb is created and added artificially to individual

drums (Snare, Kick Drum and Toms etc.) creating

various effects or simulations of the drummer

being recorded in any type of room/venue. In a layered

recording session, the drummer is usually the first instrument

to be recorded accurately while the other instruments

are only recorded as Ghost tracks as the band initially

play live as a unit to get the right feel and tempo of

the tracks/song(s) being recorded

 

 

 

Building location 

 

Again, a no brainer, somewhere quiet is usually good,

time of day may be important if you use somewhere like

a factory complex, after normal working hours noise may

not be an issue, when I say noise, it works both ways.

Any residents near a studio or practice room may complain

if your sound proofing is not up to scratch, likewise

street noise or factory noises can spoil quite recordings,

if you can hear anything in the room or booth?, your

mikes will also hear and pick up the noise!. Many bands

start by converting their regular practice room into a

simple form of a studio to enable them to listen back

to rehearsals and usually criticize each other.

 

 

 

Studio construction

 

If you have the space, as mentioned above, a separate

booth for the Drummer and singer is a good way of

getting separation from the main band in your

recordings.If you are building a studio from scratch,

you will need to consider building all your rooms and

booths on a floating floor, this in practical terms means

using Neoprene or some type of rubber to lay down

on your (usually concrete) floor and build off. No

direct contactwith the buildings block walls should be

made without using rubber mounts or fixings, picture

a box within a box without touching any floor, ceiling

or sides and you have the idea.

This can not always be achieved for practical

construction reasons however the principle should

be followed as far as possible. Any air gaps between

rooms will allow noise or sound to pass through; even

key holes can be very noisy in a studio environment.

Do be aware that you still need a fresh air to breath!

Before gaffering up all those gaps.

 

 

 

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